Virus Profile: W32/Netsky.b@MM

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Virus Profile information details
Risk Assessment: Home Medium | Corporate Medium
Date Discovered: 2/18/2004
Date Added: 2/18/2004
Origin: Unknown
Length: 22,016
Type: Virus
Subtype: Internet Worm
DAT Required: 4325
Removal Instructions
   
 
 
   

Description

This is a virus detection. Viruses are programs that self-replicate recursively, meaning that infected systems spread the virus to other systems, which then propagate the virus further. While many viruses contain a destructive payload, it's quite common for viruses to do nothing more than spread from one system to another.

Indication of Infection

  • Existence of files and registry keys as mentioned above
  • Unexpected network traffic
  • Methods of Infection

    This worm spreads by email and by copying itself to folders on the local harddrive as well as on mapped network drivers if available. It does not scan for open shares. 

    Aliases

    Moodown.B (F-Secure), W32.Netsky.B@mm (Symantec), W32/Netsky-B (Sophos), Win32.Netsky.B (CA), Worm/Netsky.B (CentralCommand), WORM_NETSKY.B (Trend)
       

    Virus Characteristics

    This virus spreads via email and mapped drives. It sends itself to addresses found on the victim's machine and by copying itself to folders on drives C: - Z:.  The virus also attempts to deactivate the W32/Mydoom.a@MM and W32/Mydoom.b@MM viruses. McAfee product detection requires that the scanning of compressed executables option be enabled (a default option).

    Netsky only infects systems running Microsoft Windows.

    If you think that you may be infected with Netsky, and are unsure how to check your system, you may download the Stinger tool to scan your system and remove the virus if present.  This is not required for McAfee users as McAfee products are capable of detecting and removing the virus with the latest update. (see the removal instructions below for more information).
    Note: Receiving an email alert stating that the virus came from your email address is not an indication that you are infected as the virus often forges the from address.

    Mail propagation
    The virus may be received in an email message as follows:

    From: (forged address taken from infected system) or skynet@skynet.de   
    Subject: (one of the following)

    • fake
    • for
    • hello
    • hi
    • immediately
    • information
    • it
    • read
    • something
    • stolen
    • unknown
    • warning
    • you

    Body : (one of the following)

    • about me
    • anything ok?
    • do you? that's funny
    • from the chatter
    • greetings
    • here
    • here is the document.
    • here it is
    • here, the cheats
    • here, the introduction
    • here, the serials
    • i found this document about you
    • I have your password!
    • i hope it is not true!
    • i wait for a reply!
    • i'm waiting ok
    • information about you
    • is that from you?
    • is that true?
    • is that your account?
    • is that your name?
    • kill the writer of this document!
    • my hero
    • read it immediately!
    • read the details.
    • reply
    • see you
    • something about you!
    • something is fool
    • something is going wrong
    • something is going wrong!
    • stuff about you?
    • take it easy
    • that is bad
    • thats wrong why?
    • what does it mean?
    • yes, really?
    • you are a bad writer
    • you are bad
    • you earn money
    • you feel the same
    • you try to steal
    • your name is wrong

    Attachment: (one of the following names) 

    • aboutyou
    • attachment
    • bill
    • concert
    • creditcard
    • details
    • dinner
    • disco
    • doc
    • document
    • final
    • found
    • friend
    • jokes
    • location
    • mail2
    • mails
    • me
    • message
    • misc
    • msg
    • nomoney
    • note
    • object
    • part2
    • party
    • posting
    • product
    • ps
    • ranking
    • release
    • shower
    • story
    • stuff
    • swimmingpool
    • talk
    • textfile
    • topseller
    • website

    May be followed by:

    • .doc
    • .htm
    • .rtf
    • .text

    Followed by:

    • .com
    • .exe
    • .pif
    • .scr

    The attachment may have a double-extension, such as .rtf.pif, and may be contained in a .ZIP file.

    The mailing component harvests address from the local system.  Files with the following extensions are targeted:

    • .adb
    • .asp
    • .dbx
    • .doc
    • .eml
    • .htm
    • .html
    • .msg
    • .oft
    • .php
    • .pl
    • .rtf
    • .sht
    • .tbb
    • .txt
    • .uin
    • .vbs
    • .wab

    The virus sends itself via SMTP - constructing messages using its own SMTP engine. It queries the DNS server for the MX record and connects directly to the MTA of the targeted domain and sends the message.

    System changes
    When executed, a fake error message may be displayed.

    The worm copies itself into %WinDir% (WINDOWS) folder using the filename SERVICES.EXE (note: A valid file exists in the WINDOWS SYSTEM directory). A registry run key is created to load the worm at system start.

    •  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run "service" = C:\WINNT\services.exe -serv

    Network propagation/Peer to Peer propagation  
    The worm copies itself to directories named share or sharing on the local system and on mapped network drives. This will result in propagation via KaZaa, Bearshare, Limewire, and other P2P application that use shared folder names containing the words share or sharing.  The filenames are included in the worm and chosen randomly:

    • angels.pif
    • cool screensaver.scr
    • dictionary.doc.exe
    • dolly_buster.jpg.pif
    • doom2.doc.pif
    • e.book.doc.exe
    • e-book.archive.doc.exe
    • eminem - lick my pussy.mp3.pif
    • hardcore porn.jpg.exe
    • how to hack.doc.exe
    • matrix.scr
    • max payne 2.crack.exe
    • nero.7.exe
    • office_crack.exe
    • photoshop 9 crack.exe
    • porno.scr
    • programming basics.doc.exe
    • rfc compilation.doc.exe
    • serial.txt.exe
    • sex sex sex sex.doc.exe
    • strippoker.exe
    • virii.scr
    • win longhorn.doc.exe
    • winxp_crack.exe

    The worm also drops numerous ZIP files containing the worm (22,016 bytes).  The compressed file frequently uses a double extension like .doc.pif, .rtf.com, .rtf.scr). The list of ZIP names is hardcoded in the virus body:

    • aboutyou.zip
    • attachment.zip
    • bill.zip
    • concert.zip
    • creditcard.zip
    • details.zip
    • dinner.zip
    • disco.zip
    • final.zip
    • found.zip
    • friend.zip
    • jokes.zip
    • location.zip
    • mail2.zip
    • mails.zip
    • me.zip
    • message.zip
    • misc.zip
    • msg.zip
    • nomoney.zip
    • note.zip
    • object.zip
    • part2.zip
    • party.zip
    • posting.zip
    • product.zip
    • ps.zip
    • ranking.zip
    • release.zip
    • shower.zip
    • story.zip
    • stuff.zip
    • swimmingpool.zip
    • talk.zip
    • textfile.zip
    • topseller.zip
    • website.zip

    Mydoom virus removal
    The virus removes the following registry values to deactivate Mydoom.a and Mydoom.b.

    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run Taskmon
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run Explorer
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run Taskmon
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run Explorer
    • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{E6FB5E20-DE35-11CF-9C87-00AA005127ED}\InProcServer32

    Other registry keys removed are as follows:

    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run KasperskyAv
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
      CurrentVersion\Run system.
       

    All Users :
    Use specified engine and DAT files for detection and removal.

    Modifications made to the system Registry and/or INI files for the purposes of hooking system startup will be successfully removed if cleaning with the recommended engine and DAT combination (or higher).

    Additional Windows ME/XP removal considerations

    Stinger
    Stinger  has been updated to assist in detecting and repairing this threat.

    Manual Removal Instructions
    To remove this virus "by hand", follow these steps:

    1. Reboot the system into Safe Mode (hit the F8 key as soon as the Starting Windows text is displayed, choose Safe Mode.
    2. Delete the file SERVICES.EXE  from your WINDOWS directory (typically c:\windows or c:\winnt)
      NOTE: Do not delete the file SERVICES.EXE from the WINDOWS SYSTEM directory as that is a valid Windows system file.
    3. Edit the registry
      • Delete the "service" value from
        • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
          Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
        • HKEY_CURRENT_USERS\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
          Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    4. Reboot the system into Default Mode

    McAfee Security Threatscan
    ThreatScan signatures that can detect the W32/Netsky.b@MM virus are available from:

    ThreatScan Signature version: 2004-02-18

    ThreatScan users can detect the virus by running a ThreatScan task using the following settings:

    • Select the "Remote Infection Detection" category and "Windows Virus Checks" template.

    -or-

    • Select the "Other" category and "Scan All Vulnerabilities" template.

    For additional information:
    Run the "ThreatScan Template Report"
    Look for module number #4064

    McAfee IntruShield
    McAfee IntruShield already provides signatures to protect against this worm. Customers should see one or more of the following alerts upon detecting the worm activity:

    • SMTP: Worm Detected in Attachment, when propagating via regular email attachment
    • SMTP: Possible Virus Attachment File with Double Extension, when propagating using attachment with double extensions
    • NETBIOS-SS: Copy Executable File Attempt, when copying itself through file share

    While double extension attachment can be safely blocked, the other two alerts should be blocked only if your particular security policy for the environment disallows copying of these virus-carrying files.

    Sniffer Technologies
    Sniffer Filters have been developed to filter email traffic for messages FROM: skynet@skynet.de.   Sniffer Filters are available for Sniffer Distributed 4.1/4.2/4.3, Sniffer Portable 4.7/4.7.5, and Netasyst network analyzer.

    W32_Netsky.b@mm Sniffer Filters.zip

       

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